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PALAKKAD പാലക്കാട്

Palakkad, also known as Palghat (Malayalam :പാലക്കാട്)(anglicized), is a town and a municipality in the state of Kerala in southern India. It is the administrative headquarters of Palakkad District. Palakkad lies near the Palghat Gap, a pass or natural depression through the Western Ghats ranges that run parallel to the west coast of India, and connects Kerala to the plains of the state of Tamil Nadu to the east. The people of Palakkad speaks Malayalam and Tamil is understood in border areas close to Tamilnadu.


In the 2001 census[1], Palakkad had a population of 130,736. Males constituted 49% of the population. The average literacy rate of the area is 81%, much higher than the national average of 59.5%. Palakkad district comprises 60 agraharams - villages. Palakkad town - has 19 of them - namely : New Kalpathy, Old Kalpathy, Chatapuram, Govindarajapuram, Vaidyanathapuram, Sekharipuram, Venkateshapuram, Kumarapuram, Laaxminarayanapuram , Chokkanathapuram, Nelliserry, Vadakanthara, Pallipuram, Adityapuram, Noorani, Thondukulam, Tharakkadu, Thirunellai and Ramanathapuram.


Palghat assembly constituency is part of Palghat (Lok Sabha constituency). The royal family of Palghat, have been given the name of Achan {meaning sir in sanskrit}

Country: India
Population:2,617,094 (2001 update)
Collector:Sanjeev Kaushik, IAS
Chittur-Thathamangalam · Ottapalam · Palakkad · Puthunagaram · Shoranur


The nearest international airport is Coimbatore Airport, which is about 52 km from Palakkad. Coimbatore airport has connecting flights to Singapore, Sharjah, Colombo, apart from major Indian cities. Palakkad is well connected by roads. The National Highway 47 (NH 47) from Salem to Kanyakumari and the Palakkad - Kozhikode National Highway 213 pass through the district. Another important road is the Palakkad - Ponnani which connects NH 47 and NH 17. Palakkad is a railway junction on India's Southern Railway. The cities of Coimbatore, Salem and Chennai are connected by the broad gauge line and Pollachi, Dindigul and Madurai were connected by the metre gauge line starting from here. Under a policy "project unigauge" metre gauge tracks are being converted to broad gauge tracks all over India. This MG track is now being dismantled for conversion to broad gauge tracks. Trains on this line bring vegetables, fish and dairy products from other cities. The nearest city is Coimbatore in Tamilnadu which is well connected to Palakkad with broad gauge trains and buses. It also houses the office of The Divisional Railway Manager (Palghat Division).


Palakkad Fort - Fort dating from 1766, built by Hyder Ali of Mysore. In 1784, after a siege which lasted eleven days, the British Colonel Fullerton stormed the Fort. Later it fell into the hands of the Zamorin’s troops, but was recaptured by the British in 1790. This well-preserved fort is also known as Tipu's (Tipu Sultan, son of Hyder Ali) Fort. Today there is a functioning jail in the fort grounds.
Malampuzha Dam and Malampuzha dam garden. This is a large irrigation dam built on the river Bharathapuzha at the base of the hills of the Western Ghats. The gardens, the amusement park for children, and the boating facilitices on the reservoir make Malampuzha a centre of interest for tourists, easily accessible from Palakkad.
Jain Temple of Jainimedu - Situated on the western border of Palakkad town and not far from the railway station, this is an historic Jain Temple. The area around the temple is known as Jainimedu. This is one of the few places in Kerala where vestiges of Jainism have survived without substantial damage. The granite walls are devoid of decoration. The temple, 32 feet (9.8 m) long and 20 feet (6.1 m) wide, consists of four divisions with images of Jain Thirthankaras and Yakshinis in three of them. Kumaran Asan wrote his monumental poem Veena Poovu (the fallen flower) at a Jain house here during his brief stay with his master Sri. Narayana Guru.
Parambikulam The Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary, covering 285 km², is 135 km from Palakkad and adjacent to the Annamalai Wildlife Sanctuary in Tamil Nadu. Besides being a home for elephants, wild boar, sambar, bison, guar, crocodiles, and a few tigers and panthers, it has a rich diversity of flora and fauna. Trekking in the forest is allowed with prior permission. Boating facilities are available on the lake. The large Cannimare Teak Tree is here near Thunakadavu.
Silent Valley National Park A dense rain forest and the habitat of rare species 80 km from Palakkad. It is popularly known as the evergreen forest and noted for its eerie silence because of the lack of cicadas. It is an important biosphere reserve in the Western Ghats and home of the tribal people. The valley is known for the rare Lion-Tailed Macaque. This National Park is a protected area for tigers also.
Nelliyampathi Known as the Ooty of Kerala, Nelliampathy, about 80 km from Palakkad, is a hill station in the Nelliampathy forest ranges. This forest range constitutes a series of ridges cut off from one another by valleys of dark evergreen forests. Pothundy Dam Around 35 km from Palakkad town, Pothundy Dam is situated on the way to Nelliyampathi hills. The hill area to Nelliyampathy hills starts from Pothundy Dam. People visiting Nelliyampathi use to stop here to enjoy the beauty of the Dam as well to relax during their long journey to Nelliyampathi hills.
Walayar Dam is around 25 km from Palakkad town,It is located on the border of Kerala and Tamilnadu.It is a beautiful place.It is a easily accessible location to the visitors to and from Tamilnadu also.There is a Deer park located 3 km from Walayar.
Anamudi The highest peak in the district. The area has coffee and tea plantations.
Attappady Attappady is an extensive mountain valley above the crest of the Ghat ranges, with several rivulets of the river Bhavani. The area is dominated by tribal people.
Punarjani Guha The Punarjani Guha is a natural tunnel 15 meters long in the rocky cliff. It is 2 km from the Thiruvilwamala Temple and the chief presiding deity is Sri Rama. The idol is believed to be ‘swayambhoo’, i.e. born on its own. It is believed that performing ‘noozhal’ -- crawling through the tunnel from one end to the other -- will wash away all of one’s sins and thus bring about rebirth. Only men are allowed to do the ‘noozhal’: women may only visit the cave. This ritual is practised on only one day per year, on Guruvayur Ekadashi. This particular site actually comes under district of Trichur.

Killikkurussimangalam This small village is the birthplace of the famous Malayalam satire poet and founder of the Ottamthullal art form, Kunchan Nambiar. The home of the greatest Koodiyattam maestro and authority of abhinaya Natyacharya Vidushakaratnam, Padma Shri Guru Mani Madhava Chakyar, is also here.
Kanhirapuzha Dam This dam feeds almost half the agricultural land of the district. It supplies water to such places as Mannarkkad, Ottappalam and Shoranur, and is the biggest dam built with soil in Kerala. There is a garden in front of the dam. Peruvemba Well known for its festivals, the Chandabhishegam in December and Peruvemba Vela in April.
Kalpathi Most famous of the eighteen agraharams of Palakkad, for its annual Ratholsavam.
Sreeekrishnapuram A small and welcoming village, Name Comes from Palakkadussery Sekhari Varma Raj. One of the many villages of Palakkad. Punchappadam, Karimpuzha also included in this village
Dhoni Waterfalls It is a gift of nature to the District with green forest,rocks, shallow water and beautigul water fall. Dhoni waterfall is in the western Ghats 15 km from the Palakkad town bustand and 9 km from the Palakkad Junctoopn railway station. There is a beautiful temple near the mountain valley and it is believed that this was build by goddess for Bhagavan Shiva.
IRTC Integrated Rural Technology Centre (IRTC) is an R&D and Training Institution situated at Mundur,Palakkad. It develops or adapts technology having rural applications. Training and follow up facilities are extended in various livelihood programmes. Pariyanempatta Bhagavathi Temple, Kattukulam, Mangalamkunnu, Palakkad
KODUVAYUR Koduvayur is one of the major markets of palakkad district. Vegetable and cloth markets here are attracting customers as well as delears from different parts of the state as well. famous car festival is celebrated here. Major market possessions are managed by Moothans , the vaisya sect of palakkad and Muslims.
Cherpulassery Ayyappankavu Famous Sastha Temple, where thousands of devotees visit, especially during Mandala season. Many who go to Sabarimala start from here. The Ten day long Utsavam in Kumbham attract thousands.