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Pathanamthitta (Malayalam: പത്തനംതിട്ട) is one of the fourteen districts of Kerala state in South India. It was formed on 1 November 1982 with headquarters at Pathanamthitta. Pathanamthitta is a landlocked district situated in the southern part of the state, and is bordered by Kottayam and Idukki districts in the north, Alappuzha in the west, Kollam in the south and has a border with Tamil Nadu in the east. The district was made up from combining areas from the Alappuzha, Idukki and Kollam districts. The district is part of the historical Central Travancore region of Kerala. The Central Travancore consists of the South-Central districts of Pathanamthitta and (parts of) Kottayam, Alappuzha, Idukky and Kollam.
Major towns in the district are Pathanamthitta, Thiruvalla, Omallur, Aranmula, Kozhencherry, Kumbanad, Konni, Pandalam, Adoor, Ranni, Vadaserikara, Sabarimala, Mallappally and Parumala. More than 50% of the district is covered by forests. The district's name is a combination of two Malayalam words pathanam and thitta, which together mean "houses by the riverside". Hydroelectric power plants situated in the district provide one-third of the electricity demands of the state. Three important rivers, the Achankovil River, Manimala River and Pamba River flow through the district. River Pamba originates from Sabarimala and is considered a holy river. It is considered as the Ganga of South India.
Pathanamthitta holds the distinction of being declared the first polio-free district in India. It is 10.03% urbanised. Kerala's first Airport in private sector is developing in Aranmula, near Kozhencherry in this directory by promoted by FOKANA, and other US-Canada Malayali organizations and Middle-East based Malayalis.

There is a demand of Tiruvalla districts, comprising parts of Pathanamthitta and Alappuzha districts. There are demands for trifurcating Kozhencherry taluk, one of the largest taluk in Kerala state, into 3 namely - Konni, Pathanamthitta, and Kozhencherry. There are also demands for creating Pandalam taluk comprising parts of Adoor, Kozhencherry, and Mavelikara taluks; and also Upper Kuttanad (Edathua) taluk comprising parts of Tiruvalla, Chengannur, and Kuttanad taluks. There is a demand of Chengannur-Sabarimala Railway Line from Chengannur to Pampa via Aranmula, Kozhencherry, Elanthur, Pathanamthitta, Ranni, and Plapally. The demand for a railway line from Chengannur to Thiruvananthapuram via Pandalam, Adoor, Kottarakkara and Kilimanoor much parallel to the M.C Road is also yet to be materialised.

Country: India
Population:1,234,016 (2001 update)
Adoor · Pathanamthitta · Tiruvalla
Kozhencherry · Ranni · Mallapally



Pathanamthitta is a pre-dominantly agricultural district with major crops being coconut, rubber, paddy, pepper and tea. The hilly terrain coupled with high humidity make it suitable for rubber and tea plantations.


Pathanamthitta is rich in cultural heritage and communal harmony. Pathanamthitta is the motherland of The Snake Boat Race and The Padayani. Though the snake boat race is performed at nearby places also, the snake boat race held at Aranmula, Pathanamthitta is unique in the shape and design of the boat itself. Also the race is conducted with great devotion to Lord Parthasarathy (Krishna who advices the knowledge of Bhagavat Gita to Arjuna); where as at other places it is conducted with a competitive mindset. The padayani is another unique ritual in and around Pathanamthitta. It is dedicated to Goddess Bhadrakaali. The Padayani is a marvellous combination of music, dance, painting and satire. The Padayani is conducted during the Malayalam Calendar months of Kumbham, Meenam and Medam (The English months of February, March and April).
All the annual ritual festivals and celebrations are conducted with great zeal. The active participation of people from different religions can be vitnessed in all such occasions.


Sabarimala - abode of Lord Ayyappa, which receives about 10 million pilgrims every year
Konni - Elephant Cage.A hill town, Konni is famous for timber trade and wild elephant training centre.This is a town with meadows and hills stands on the bank of river Achakovil. It is surrounded by clove and pepper plantations. Elephants trapped from the forest area are also tamed here
Niranam village is an early Christian centre of India. The St mary's Church here is founded by St Thomas, the Apostle. Niranam also has ancient temples and a mosque. Niranam poets lived here.
Pandalam is famous for its ancient castles and also for its holiness. It is famous because it is believed to be the home of Lord Ayyapa of Sabarimala.Pandalam was the capital of the ancient Travancore kingdoms. It was established around 79 ME (903 AD).The World-famous Pilgrim Town of Central Travancore. Site of the Pandalam Palace. Golden Casket (the sacred ornaments of Lord Ayyappa) are kept here.
Mannadi It is situated 13 km from Adoor. This is where Veluthampi Dalawa, the renowned freedom fighter of Travancore, spent his last days. The ancient Bhagavathy Temple here has some exquisite stone sculptures. The annual festival is held in February/March. The Kerala Institute of Folklore and Folk Arts functions here.
Perunthenaruvi Water falls The spectacular waterfalls pludge down into a ravine from a rocky height of 60 - 100 ft. It is accessible by bus from Pathanamthitta Aranmula - venue of the annual boat race on the Pamba river; the place is also famous for its metal mirrors (Aranmula kannadi)
Kakki - reservoir surrounded by forests abounding in elephants and tigers
Kaviyoor - Famous for the Kaviyoor Mahadeva Temple and the Rock Cut CaveTemple
Maramon - the river-bed of the Pampa here witnesses the annual Maramon Convention, the largest Christian gathering in Asia
Manjinikkara - a bishop who came in early 1900s from Antioch to settle a dispute between two Christian congrgations later died and was buried here.Thousands of followers assemble on foot every year from various parts of the country during second week of February to commemorate the events and pay their respects.